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What Are Brain Tumors and How Are They Treated?

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A brain tumor is the abnormal growth or swelling of cells in one’s brain. Brain tumors can be categorized into several types. Some brain tumors are cancerous, yet some are not. Cancerous brain tumors have been termed malignant and noncancerous ones as benign. Brain tumors can grow in one’s brain first, known as primary brain tumors; again, in some cases, cancer can spread to other body parts first and later affect the brain, known as secondary brain tumors. The secondary brain tumor is also termed a metastatic brain tumor. The article will discuss brain tumor treatment and other vital aspects.


The symptoms of brain tumors differ as it mostly depends on the tumor’s size, location, and growth rate.

The most common signs and symptoms include:

• There is a change in the pattern of headache
• Headaches become more severe and frequent
• Feeling of nausea
• Vision issues, including blurred vision, double vision, and loss of peripheral vision
• Lack of sensation or movement in one hand or leg
• Imbalance
• Speech problems
• Fatigue
• Dizziness and confusion in simple matters
• Incapable of making decisions
• Fails to follow simple commands
• Change in personality
• Hearing problems
• Sudden seizures or convulsions

These are apparent symptoms that indicate one must consult a doctor and get the proper treatment.

Brain Tumors Treatment

The treatment procedure depends on the type, size, and location of the tumor. The patient’s health state and preferences also come under serious consideration by the Brain tumors Specialists.

1. Surgery

If the tumor is accessible for operation, it is the best way to safely operate and remove the tumor. In some cases, the tumors are located near the sensitive brain areas, so surgery becomes a risky option. The doctor removes a portion of the tumor in such cases, maintaining safety issues. Risks associated with brain tumor surgery include infection and bleeding.

2. Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill the tumor cells. The radiation therapy machine primarily works from outside the body; again, the radiation is sometimes placed inside the body close to the brain tumor. Whole-brain radiation is used for brain cancer treatment. Radiation therapy uses two kinds of rays: X-rays and proton beams.

3. Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy uses targeted drugs to kill tumor cells. The medication can be oral or intravenous. The diagnosis and cancer type determines whether to apply chemotherapy.

4. Radiosurgery

Traditionally, radiosurgery is not a form of surgery. It is one powerful radiation treatment that uses radiation to kill the tumor tissues in a small area. Several technologies like Gamma Knife or linear accelerator are used to deliver radiation to treat brain tumors in brain cancer treatment. The patient can go home the same day.

5. Drug Therapy

Drug therapy emphasizes specific abnormalities within the cancer cells. The high-dose medicines are used to block the abnormalities and kill the cancerous cells. A thorough diagnosis can determine whether drug therapy would effectively treat your brain tumor.

The growth of brain tumors varies from person to person, depending on several factors. The growth rate and the location of the brain tumor reflect how it can affect one’s nervous system. Brain tumor treatment options are dependent on the type of brain tumor, its size, and location.

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